- Occupation: Politician, Lawyer
- Real name: Barack Hussein Obama II
- Sign : Lion
- Date of birth: Friday, August 04, 1961 (age: 59 years old)
- Country: United States
Barack Obama was born in Honolulu (Hawaii) in 1961. His father is a Kenyan economist and politician and his mother is a young American student of Irish origin. In 1963, Obama’s father flew to the United States to study economics at Harvard University, leaving his family thousands of miles away. The following year, Barack Obama’s parents separated after 4 years of marriage. Shirley Obama remarried a few years later with a young Indonesian and the family moved to Jakarta. At the age of 10, his mother sent the young Barack to live in Honolulu with his maternal grandparents, in order to attend American high school. After graduating from high school, Barack Obama had a brilliant education: after two years at the Western College in Los Angeles, California, he was admitted to Columbia University in New York, from which he graduated in 1983 with a degree in political science, specializing in international relations.
He first worked in a consulting firm for multinational companies, first as a research assistant and then as a financial analyst before leaving everything and becoming, from 1985, a community organizer in the underprivileged black neighborhood of Bronzeville. For two years, he helped residents defend their interests and lobbied to obtain the opening of employment offices, or to fight against juvenile delinquency. In 1987, he was accepted into Harvard Law School, graduating three years later and becoming the first African-American to be elected editor of the prestigious Harvard Law Review. He then chose the path of teaching by accepting a position as professor of constitutional law at the University of Chicago, where he practiced until 2004.
In 1992, he married Chicago lawyer Michelle Robinson, an influential local Democratic Party figure. It was on her advice that he entered politics. In 1996, Barack Obama was elected Senator for the State of Illinois. Throughout his mandate, he supported legislation in favor of homosexuals, the extension of medical coverage to the most disadvantaged and distinguished himself in 2002 by being among the first to reject the war in Iraq launched a few months later by the Bush administration. In July 2004, he once again made himself known to Democratic activists but also to many Americans through his speech designating John Kerry as the party’s candidate for the presidential election in which he praised the American dream. A few months later, on November 2, 2004, Barack Obama was elected to the United States Senate.
In February 2007, Barack announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination this time, despite the Democratic competition of the much appreciated Hillary Clinton, until then favorite for the primaries. He led a campaign on the themes of change and hope, which particularly enthused some independent voters and young people. Many celebrities, businessmen, actors, actresses, TV presenters, rally to his cause. On January 3, 2008, to everyone’s surprise, Barack Obama won the last primaries and after Hillary Clinton’s decision to suspend his campaign for the Democratic nomination, he was officially invested. In November 2008, he won the presidential election, with more than 9 million votes ahead of his opponent John McCain. He thus became the first black president in the history of the United States.
He quickly faced major problems: war in Iraq and Afghanistan, crisis in the Middle East, major recession in the U.S. economy and the global financial and economic crisis. On October 9, 2009, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. One of his greatest successes during his tenure was his success in carrying out the operation against Osama Bin Laden, who was killed in Abbottadab, Pakistan, by special forces on May 1, 2011.
On April 4, 2011, Barack Obama announced that he is a candidate to succeed him in the 2012 presidential election. But this time, it will be more difficult to orient his campaign around the themes of change and hope. He delivers his nomination speech as Democratic candidate on September 4, 2012, at the closing of his party’s convention in Charlotte, North Carolina. He can once again count on the support of his wife Michelle Obama, First Lady, who is very much appreciated by Americans, and on his two daughters, Malia Ann (born in 1998) and Sasha (born in 2001) during this campaign shoulder to shoulder with the Republican candidate Mitt Romney. Barack Obama is re-elected for a second presidential term on November 6, 2012. In November 2016, Donald Trump succeeded him in the White House after defeating Hillary Clinton in the presidential election.
On November 17, 2020, he published the first volume of his memoirs entitled A Promised Land, published by Fayard.