Dissociative Identity Disorder, otherwise known as DID, is a very little known mental illness. 1 to 3% of the population is affected. But what is it exactly? Elements of response with Entre Nous.
Dissociative Identity Disorder is a scary term. Otherwise called TDI, it is a mental pathology characterized by the presence of multiple personalities. In other words, an individual with DID has multiple identities (called alters, autonomous states, or ego identities) that all interact together and have their own characteristics within a single body. For example, your child or one of your relatives can, for example, make a protective, child, reassuring or even destructive alter coexist within his system. Independent, each Quirk has its own identity but also carries the weight of specific memories and experiences.
Dissociative Identity Disorder: How Does It Happen?
TDI would appear before the age of 9 following a trauma. According to psychiatrist Laurent Karila, “there are many things in the history of the person” which favor the development of this disorder. Thus, the individual creates “worlds” in which he interacts with his alters. “You have to differentiate him from the imaginary friend” specifies the doctor. During his lifetime, an individual can develop an infinite multitude of autonomous states. Some person, like Olympe, who talks about her illness on social networks, has more than 10.
It is really the state of stress or anxiety that favors the appearance of alters. The “switch” occurs when the host of the system is subjected to a situation that escapes him or in which he does not feel comfortable. While the host often attempts to relate to reality in a state anchored to a physical object or in some other way, Quirk can still gain the upper hand. According to the VSD manual, TDI can take two forms: possessive or not. In the first case, identities generally manifest as if they were external agents. In the second, guests can feel observers and not actors of their own discourse. In fact, in some cases, hosts may develop amnesia and not remember their switches.
Dissociative Identity Disorder: How To Diagnose It?
It is important to distinguish between TDI and schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. In this disorder, patients may hear voices, may have visual, tactile, olfactory and taste hallucinations, but this is not always systematic. In reality, for example, they have the feeling that someone else wants to exist through their body. To properly identify this disorder, it is necessary to take clinical steps (detailed interview, hypnosis, …)
Dissociative Identity Disorder: Is There A Treatment?
Still according to the psychiatrist, dissociative identity disorder does not have a miracle cure. “There is no specific treatment, psychotherapy for TDI or medication, it is multimodal treatment. With TDI, there are often sleep disorders, anxiety attacks, delusions. . You have to treat the model of the person. If you focus on a drug or a therapy that does not work “he explains. Today, an estimated 1% to 3% of the world’s population is affected by dissociative identity disorder.